The NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) family of transcription factors are involved in a myriad of activities, including the regulation of immune responses, maturation of immune cells, development of secondary lymphoid organs and osteoclastogenesis. Fine tuning by positive and negative regulators keeps the NF-κB signalling pathway in check. Microbial products and genetic alterations in NF-κB and other signalling pathway components can lead to deregulation of NF-κB signalling in several human diseases, including cancers and chronic inflammatory disorders. NF-κB-pathway-specific therapies are being actively investigated, and these hold promises as interventions of NF-κB-related ailments.
- intracellular signalling
- nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)
Abbreviations: ABC, activated B-cell-like; ALI, acute lung injury; API, apoptosis inhibitor; BAFF, B-cell-activating factor; BCR, B-cell receptor; CARD, caspase recruitment domain; CARMA, CARD-containing membrane-associated guanylate kinase protein; CBP, CREB (cAMP-response-element-binding protein)-binding protein; c-IAP, cellular inhibitor of apoptosis; CUEDC, CUE domain-containing protein; CYLD, cylindromatosis; DEN, diethylnitrosamine; DLBCL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; DUSP, dual-specificity phosphatase; ES, embryonic stem; GLUT, glucose transporter; HCC, hepatocellular carcinoma; HDAC, histone deacetylase; IBD, inflammatory bowel disease; IKK, IκB kinase; IL, interleukin; IL-1R, IL-1 receptor; ING, inhibitor of growth family member; IP, incontinentia pigmenti; IPD, invasive pneumococcal disease; IRAK, IL-1R-associated kinase; JNK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase; LPS, lipopolysaccharide; LT-β, lymphotoxin-β; MALT, mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue; CBM, CARMA1/Bcl-10/MALT1; MAPK, mitogen-activated protein kinase; MCP-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1; MEKK, MAPK/ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) kinase kinase; MM, multiple myeloma; MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; MSK, mitogen- and stress-activated kinase; MyD88, myeloid differentiation factor 88; NF-κB, nuclear factor κB; NEMO, NF-κB essential modulator; NBD, NEMO-binding domain; IκB, inhibitor of NF-κB; NIK, NF-κB-inducing kinase; oxPL, oxidized phospholipid; PKC, protein kinase C; PP1, protein phosphatase 1; PP2, protein phosphatase 2; RANK, receptor activator of NF-κB; RANKL, RANK ligand; RHD, REL homology domain; RIP, receptor-interacting protein; RNAi, RNA interference; RNS, reactive nitrogen species; ROS, reactive oxygen species; SAPK, stress-activated protein kinase; SHP, Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase; siRNA, small interfering RNA; SNAP, soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein; STAT, signal transducer and activator of transcription; T2DM, Type 2 diabetes mellitus; TAK, TGF-β (transforming growth factor-β)-activated kinase; TCR, T-cell receptor; TIR, Toll/IL-1R; TLR, Toll-like receptor; TNF, tumour necrosis factor; TNFR, TNF receptor; TRAF, TNFR-associated factor; TRIF, TIR domain-containing adaptor protein inducing interferon-β; TrCP, transducin repeat-containing protein
- © The Authors Journal compilation © 2009 Biochemical Society